Use Simple Future Tense ( Future Indefinite Tense ) to describe future actions,promises,willingness.
Future means the time that has not occurred yet and is going to happen. So future simple tense is used to talk about the events that will happen in near or far future.
He will go to market.
We use will/shall with first form of verb to make simple future tense.
Will – use with third person
Shall– use with I and We
But in modern English, use of Shall is discouraged and most of the time we use will even with I and We. We will discuss it later in detail.
Simple Future tense ( Future Indefinite Tense ) is used in below scenarios:
1. For future Events:
This tense is used to make future predictions.
Simple Future Tense Examples:
It will rain tomorrow.
He will play cricket in the evening.
I will buy a new watch this weekend.
2. To describe willingness ,promise :
We use simple future to express the willingness of speaker to do a task. Simple future is also used to express a promise to be fulfilled in future by speaker. Here will is used instead of Shall even with I.
I am very tired. I will not go to gym today. (willingness)
Once you reach Delhi, I will buy you chocolates. (promise)
3. To seek Advice or making a suggestion:
Simple future is used to seek advice from someone. Also we can make a suggestion with interrogation using this form of tense. Here we use Shall with I and we.
Shall we go for a long drive? (suggestion)
What shall I do with this knife?
What shall I do to be saved from punishment?
4. In conditional sentence (if Simple present + simple future):
In case of conditional sentence, when the sentence with ‘IF’ clause is in simple present, the we use simple future in main clause when the action in main clause is likely to happen but not absolutely fixed to happen.
If I come there,I will play football.
We can again categories Simple future tense as below:
1) Affirmative future tense (Subject +will/shall + Verb + rest of the sentence)
2) Negative future tense (Subject + Will/Shall + not + Verb + rest of the sentence)
3) Interrogative future tense (Shall/will + Subject + verb + rest of the sentence + ? )
Affirmative present tense: Affirmative means ‘agreement’. It’s a statement that says a ‘yes’. It is not negative and does not have a question included.
Below is the Affirmative FutureTense rule with example:
Subject +Will/Shall + Verb + rest of the sentence
He + will+ play+ cricket.
They will dance.
He will dance.
Negative present tense: It is used to present things that we never do.
Below is the Negative Future Tense rule with an example:
Subject + Will/Shall + not + Verb + rest of the sentence.
They will not dance.
He will not eat ice-cream.
Interrogative present tense: To ask question for future simple scenarios.
Below is the Interrogative future Tense rule with an example:
Shall/will + Subject + verb + rest of the sentence + ?
Will+ he +play+cricket ?
Will they not dance?
Shall I go now?
Examples of Simple Future Tense:
Affirmative Simple Future Tense
I will go to market.
I shall go to market.
This episode of this serial will be very interesting.
|Negative Simple Future Tense
I will not go to market.
I shall not go to market.
This episode of this serial will not be interesting.
|Interrogative Simple Future Tense
Shall I go to market?
Will you marry me?
|Interrogative Simple Future Tense
Will they not come to the party tonight?
Will she not help you?
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– Your English Madam.